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Termite Control in the Home

Wood destroying insects and other organisms can cause serious problems in the wood structural components of a house and
may go undetected for a long period of time.

New Construction

All chemical soil treatments, bait systems, and chemical wood treatment must be approved by the Environmental Protection
Agency (EPA) and applied in accordance with the EPA label instructions. In some cases it is not feasible for a builder to arrange
for soil treatment. In this regard, the International Residential Code (IRC) by the International Code council allows a builder to
utilize pressure treated wood as a measure of termite protection. If pressure treated wood is used, however, it must be used in all
framing members up to and including the top plate of the first floor level wall. This includes the subfloor and floor joists of the first
floor. The use of pressure treated wood in only the sill plate is not acceptable. In such cases, the builder must provide the lender
with a letter stating that the house is protected from termites by the use of pressure treated wood. The builder must also provide
the home buyer with a one year warranty against termites. The use of post-construction soil treatment where the chemicals are
applied only around the perimeter of the foundation is NOT acceptable in new construction.

Inspectors Observations

Inspectors are to observe all areas of the house and other structures/areas within the legal boundaries of the property that have
potential for infestation by termites and other wood destroying organisms, including the bottoms of exterior doors and frames,
wood siding in contact with the ground and crawl spaces. Mud tunnels running from the ground up the side of the house may
indicate termite infestation. Observe the eave and gable vents and wood window sills for indication of the entrance of swarming
termites and note excessive dampness or large areas where the vegetation is dead. Evidence of active termite infestation must
be noted.





















Termites - Why the concern?
There are many species of structural infesting termites and each one has developed effective ways to get at and attack the wood
in your home.  Preventing termite attack and killing these termites is vital if you want to avoid the damage they cause.

Termites live in colonies which are usually underground, although sometimes they can be within your home itself.  The "worker"
termite forages outside of the colony for food.  It consumes the wood creating "galleries" and then returns to feed the rest of the
colony.  Tell-tale signs of termites include mud (or shelter) tubes on foundation walls, termite swarms and of course infested wood
members.   Critter Ridders are trained and licensed professionals who know termites and the products available for eliminating
and/or preventing their attack.




KING and QUEEN
I
n a young colony, the king and the queen are the actively reproducing termites in the colony.  Their only function is the production
of the eggs.












EGGS
The tiny termite egg is almost transparent.   
During the incubation period the egg is groomed and tended by workers.  The larva hatches from the egg and is about the same
size.












WORKER
This termite is the one which forages from the nest to the wood supply and returns with food for the colony.








SOLDIER  
Defender of the colony, the soldier termite develops a long, armored head and mandibles capable of cutting an enemy ant in
half.   The soldier also sounds the alarm by banging his head against the side of a tunnel.











When nymphs reach maturity and become swarmers (kings and queens), they all leave the colony at about the same time, usually
in Spring or Fall.   The swarmers fly very poorly and most of them flutter for only a few yards before falling to the ground.












When the short flight is finished, the swarmers drop their wings and the males begin a frenzied search for compatible mates.  
Because the swarmers are exposed and are prey to predator birds and insects, very few ever survive to establish a new colony.












Earth tube of the subterranean termite Earth tubes between the soil and some wooden structure under the house is a sure sign of
subterranean termites.  These tubes can go up the foundation wall, along plumbing, or directly from the soil to the wood.













Hollow wood underneath a finished surface.  Wood underneath will have earthfilled galleries, but termites are not always present.










Subterranean termites are the most damaging insects of wood. Their presence is hard to notice and damage usually is found
before the termites are seen. Prevent infestations because if they occur they will almost always need professional pest control
service.


Signs of Infestation
Generally, the first sign of infestation is the presence of swarming termites on the window or near indoor light. If they are found
inside the house, it almost always means that they have infested. Other signs that may be found are termite wings on window sills
or in cobwebs, and shelter tubes which are tunnels constructed by the termites from soil or wood and debris.
Usually, wood damage is not found at first, but when it is found it definitely reveals a termite infestation. Anywhere wood touches
soil is a possible entry into a home for termites. Examine wood which sounds dull or hollow when struck by a screwdriver or
hammer. Inspect suspected areas with a sharp, pointed tool such as an ice pick to find termite galleries or their damage.


Control
Control measures include reducing the potential infestation, preventing termite entry and applying chemicals for remedial
treatment.


Inspection
Inspect thoroughly to determine if there is an infestation, damage, and/or conditions that could invite a termite attack or the need
fo remedial control measures. The tools and equipment needed for an inspection include a flashlight, ice pick or sharp-pointed
screwdriver, ladder and protective clothing.

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